Quick Facts About Indonesia

PancasilaMotto: “Unity in Diversity”

National Ideology: Pancasila

Government: Unitary presidential constitutional republic

President: Joko Widodo

Independence from Netherlands:

  • Declared – August 17, 1945
  • Acknowledged – December 27, 1949

Population: 257 million (4th most populous country)

Urban Population: 53.4%

Population Below Poverty: 11.3%

Population Under 15 yrs: 27%

Life Expectancy: 69 yrs

Mortality Infant Rate: 24.5%

Mortality Under-5 Rate: 29.3%

Median Age: 28.6

Literacy Rate: 93%

Physicians/1,000 people: 0.2

Density: 372/sq mi

Area: 735,358 sq mi

Water: 4.85%

Capital: Jakarta

Provinces: 34

Number of Islands: 17,500 (6,000 inhabited)

Shares Borders with: Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Timor-Leste

Official Language: Indonesian (Bahasa Indonesia)

Ethnic Groups: 779

Languages and Dialects: 707

Major Ethnic Groups:

  • Javanese (40.6%)
  • Sundanese (15%)
  • Madurese (3.3%)
  • Minangkabau (2.7%)
  • Other (38.4%)

Major Religions (official):

  • Islam (87%)
  • Protestant (7%)
  • Catholic (3%)
  • Hindu (1.7%)
  • Buddhist(.7%)
  • Other (.5%)

Major Islands/Regions: Java, Sumatra, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, Papua, Maluku Islands, Nusa Tenggara, Bali

Literacy: 89%

Currency: Rupiah

Income/person: $3,500 (6% of USA)

Drives: On the left

Climate: Tropical, with distinct wet and dry seasons

Common Food: Rice, with meat, vegetables, or soy bean cake

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